Puffy eyes, dark circles, redness and burning eyes – Everything you need to know about their possible causes and how to keep them under control

Have you ever had puffy eyes, dark circles, redness or burning eyes? These bothersome symptoms have many possible causes. BETTER VISION explains: What causes puffy eyes, dark circles, redness and burning eyes? How can we prevent them?

Getting too little sleep, wearing heavy frames, having allergies, eye infections, or spending too much time staring at a screen; many aactors can irritate our sensitive eyes. Therefore, it is not surprising that consultations for puffy eyes, dark circles or redness and burning eyes are so common. But there are effective methods to prevent them. Here we explain how to do it.

Swollen eyes

Baggy eyes

Red or irritated eyes

burning eyes

Swollen eyes

Symptoms of puffy eyes:

The eyes and eyelids swell and become inflamed; they sometimes redden and become sensitive to pressure. Frequent episodes of itching, tearing, and burning eyes appear. Usually, this happens in both eyes; it is rare for these symptoms to affect only one eye.

Causes of puffy eyes:

You may already be conscious of some of the most shared causes of puffy eyes; a look in the mirror in the a.m. is enough to remind you of the night before: too little sleep, lack of ventilation (or too much heat) or even tears caused by a romantic movie can put excessive pressure on the eyes that cause puffiness. And all because the skin around the eyes is much thinner than the rest of the face. This means that signs of strain and tiredness are much more visible about the eyes. But having puffy eyes can also be hereditary or a result of the ageing process; although there can also be many other causes:

  • If your dinner is high in salt or protein, you might wake up the next day with puffy eyes. And it gets worse if you spend a lot of time sleeping flat, compromising the lymph flow to the eye area. This means that fluid will build up overnight and cause swelling.
  • The allergies(usually related to pollen, dust or animal hair) and intolerance to certain medications or foods can also cause puffy eyes
  • And acute neurodermatitis can cause dry, swollen eyes and eye pain.
  • Also, some eye infections can cause inflammation, such as conjunctivitis or styles.
  • Visual problems can be a symptom of other diseases. For example, puffy eyes can be caused by liver or cardiovascular disease, an underactive thyroid, or high blood pressure. Our eyes swell when we catch a cold, especially if we have a stuffy nose.
  • And dehydration can also cause puffy eyes.
  • The dry eyes, for example, prolonged use of contact lenses, exposure to too hot air, or expenditure many hours in front of a screen, can also cause swelling in the eyes.
  • Somemedicinesthey dries out the eyes and thus can cause inflammation.
  • And some external factors such as a blow or an impact can also cause puffy eyes.
  • When estrogen is produced during menstruation, many women notice fluid deposits around the eyes.

How to reduce eye puffiness

There is a wide variety of actions depending on the cause of the inflammation. As a general rule, if the symptoms do not disappear, it is sensible to consult an ophthalmologist to identify the cause. The same can be said for recurrent symptoms, or if they appear suddenly and don’t go away after a short time.

As with any inflammation, a cold can do wonders. There are an amount of simple and proven home remedies that can offer some relief for puffy eyes.  Try placing a cold tea bag on puffy eyelids (green tea reduces puffiness), or treat your eyes to a refreshing cucumber mask.

Satisfy note: Some persons may be allergic to flavored black tea. If this occurs, remove the tea bag from the eyes immediately. And another practical alternative: put two spoonsful in the freezer for five minutes. After that time, place the spoons on the distended eyes, with the concave side down. The coolness will not only be pleasing but will also reduce eye puffiness. Important: Ensure that the spoons do not stay too long in the freezer, so they are not too cold. The contact of the spoons on the eyes should never be uncomfortable. If that happens, remove the spoons from the eyes right away. Wait a bit until the metal is not so cold.

How to prevent puffy eyes:

Since various factors can cause puffy eyes, there are various ways of prevention. Avoid common causes as much as possible, such as drinking alcohol at night or eating foods high in salt and protein. If you pay attention to the following recommendations, you can prevent the appearance of puffy eyes:

  • Get as much slumber as possible and always maintain a regular sleep pattern. For most people, seven hours of sleep is usually the ideal period.
  • The bedroom should not be too warm, as the heat can irritate the eyes. Each person may need a different temperature in the bedroom, but the general rule is maintaining a temperature range between 16 and 20 degrees.
  • Stale air can also irritate the eyes, so rooms should be aired regularly to prevent dry or puffy eyes.
  • Dehydration can also cause dry, puffy eyes. That’s why drinking enough fluids, ideally awake to two litres of water a day is significant. And wounding back on sugar can also help prevent puffy eyes.
  • Many allergies They can cause the appearance of dark circles and inflammation of the eyes.
  • People with neurodermatitis should always maintain a healthy lifestyle and avoid using skin care products that could be harmful. Excessive consumption of sugar or alcohol, or the use of cosmetics with perfume or preservatives could irritate the skin. In patients with neurodermatitis, it could cause inflammation of the eyes.
  • If the cause of the inflammation is an eye infection, various prevention methods depend on the type of infection.

Baggy eyes

Symptoms of dark circles:

The skin under the eyes darkens. Depending on the harshness of the dark circles, the eyes appear haggard; dark circles give the person a skeletal appearance. The affected area has a brown, bluish, grey or purple hue. The cause of dark circles is usually harmless and should not be confused with black eyes, which represent a bruise caused by an external impact.

Causes of dark circles:

In most cases, dark circles are a purely cosmetic and temporary problem. There are two main causes:

  1. An excess of pigment deposited in the skin (hyperpigmentation) Skin

    Colour is regulated by factors such as the pigment melanin. It is a substance in the cells that largely controls the colour of the skin. The more melanin the cells contain, the darker the skin. If a big amount of melanin is deposited around the eyes, the skin takes on a blue or blue-grey hue in the form of dark circles. In medicine, it is known as hyperpigmentation or melasma. Dark circles caused by hyperpigmentation can be hereditary. Other causes are:

  • Infections, diseases and rashes or irritations (neurodermatitis, contact allergies)
  • Frequent and intense exposure to UV radiation
  • Some medications and other substances
  1. Transparent blood vessels

    The second most mutual cause of dark circles is transparent blood vessels. The skin below the eye is thin and covers fatty tissue; in some people, it is so thin that the blood containers below can be seen. This makes the area appear darker, which is why dark circles look brown. This is because deoxygenated blood is darker than oxygenized blood. The less oxygen reaches the blood vessels, and the more intense its hue will be.  Other factors that can cause dark circles with blood vessels are:

  • Kidney and thyroid diseases
  • Pollution (air and water pollution, fumes and polluting emissions)
  • dehydration
  • Improper diet, lack of iron
  • Drug, alcohol and nicotine use
  • Stress
  • Lack of sleep

How to remove dark circles:

Some simple home remedies can help reduce the most serious symptoms of dark circles. One of them is to apply a cloth moistened with cold water. If you put it on your eyes for five to ten minutes, the cold will constrict the blood vessels, and the dark circles will diminish. And, like when treating puffy eyes, gel masks or glasses (available at pharmacies and health and beauty centers) can have a similar effect to green or black tea bags. To do this, it is enough to have two bags of green or black tea, pour hot water over them and let them cool down; then, gently wring out the tea bags and place them on the affected area. The theine contained in tea bags encourages the contraction of blood vessels under the skin, reducing dark circles. Attention: Some people with whitethorn have an allergic reaction to flavored black tea. If this occurs, remove the tea bag from the eyes immediately. A mild massage of the affected area can improve circulation and promote the contraction of blood vessels.

Recommendation: Select a shade slightly lighter than your skin tone. You can also hide dark circles easily and quickly; just use a good anti-dark circles concealer. It is recommended that the concealer does not dry out the skin but has a moisturizing effect if possible. If you have subtle skin or are prone to allergies, using a fragrance-free concealer is recommended.

How to prevent dark circles:

Depending on their cause, dark circles can be prevented in several ways. If dark circles are due to a poor diet, following a healthy diet can be an effective form of prevention. Whether the cause is lack of sleep, stress, or the use of certain medications, alcohol, or tobacco, a healthier lifestyle will help. Thirst is another common cause of dark circles. Drinking enough fluids is, therefore, an real form of prevention